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Ambassador Sun Xianghua Writes on Key Messages of President Xi Jinping's Speeches in Switzerland
On 12th February 2017, the Sunday Express published an article by the Chinese Ambassador to Lesotho H.E. Mr. Sun Xianghua, introducing the keynote speeches of H.E. Mr. Xi Jinping at the World Economic Forum in Davos and the United Nations Office in Geneva respectively. Full text of the article is as follows:

Three key Messages in President Xi's Speeches in Switzerland

(Dr. Sun Xianghua, Ambassador of China in Lesotho)

       Last month, President of the People's Republic of China H.E. Xi Jinping paid a historic visit to Switzerland and made two keynote speeches at the World Economic Forum in Davos and the United Nations Office in Geneva respectively. These two speeches, given at a time when the world and the new year are faced with unparalleled uncertainties, drew wide attention from the international community. Reading from the lines of the speeches by H.E. President Xi, we can't fail to catch some of the key messages coming from China, and ponder on their impacts on the world in the near future.

  The most important message in President Xi's speeches is China's proposition for building "a community of shared future for mankind", and its adherence to the principles of multilateralism. After reflecting on the recent one hundred years' history of humankind, President Xi pointed out that multi-polarity and economic globalization have become the trend of times. Mankind today has become a close-knit community of shared future. Countries have extensive converging interests and are mutually dependent upon each other. All countries should enjoy the right to development. At the same time, they should also view their own interests in a broader context and refrain from pursuing them at the expense of others.

      To build the community of shared future for mankind, all countries in this Earth Village should stay committed to building a world of lasting peace through dialogue and consultation. All the wars and tragedies in the past centuries have taught us that when countries enjoy peace, so will the peoples; when countries fight, the peoples suffer. Therefore, we should advance democracy in international relations and reject dominance by just one or several countries. All countries should jointly shape the future of the world, make international rules, manage global affairs and ensure that development outcomes are shared by all.  President Xi also rightly pointed out that we should build a world of common security for all through joint efforts. No country in the world can enjoy absolute security. A country cannot have security while others are in turmoil, as threats facing other countries may haunt itself in the end. When neighbors are in trouble, instead of tightening his own fences, one should extend a helping hand to them. Last but not least, we should build a world of common prosperity through win-win cooperation. Lack of development is the root cause of the problems that haunt many countries across the world. Common development through joint efforts is the sustainable way to achieve lasting peace and security for humankind as a whole.

     Another important message in President Xi's speeches is China's view on economic globalization, and its opposition against protectionism. President Xi made it clear that many of the problems troubling the world are not caused by economic globalization. For instance, the refugee waves from the Middle East and North Africa in recent years have been caused not by economic globalization, but by the wars, conflicts and regional turbulences. Its solution lies in making peace, promoting reconciliation and restoring stability. Another example is the international financial crisis. It is not an inevitable outcome of economic globalization either, but the consequence of excessive chase of profit by financial capital and grave failure of financial regulation. Blaming economic globalization for the world's problems is inconsistent with reality, and it will not help solve the problems. Mr. Xi further pointed out that whether we like it or not, the global economy is a big ocean that we can not escape from. Any attempt to cut off the flow of capital, technologies, products, industries and people between economies, and channel the waters in the ocean back into isolated lakes and creeks is simply not possible. Indeed, it runs counter to the historical trend. In the face of both opportunities and challenges of economic globalization, the right thing to do is to seize every opportunity, jointly meet challenges and chart the right course for economic globalization. China's economic development and success since its reform and opening-up to the outside world present the most vivid example of the fruits of scientifically cognizing and utilizing the opportunities of economic globalization.

      To act pro-actively and manage economic globalization appropriately so as to release its positive impact, more emphasis should be given to developing a dynamic, innovation-driven growth model. Currently, the fundamental issue plaguing the global economy is the lack of driving force for growth. We need to relentlessly pursue innovation and remove bottlenecks blocking global growth and development. Secondly, we should adopt a well-coordinated approach to develop a model of open and win-win cooperation. Only in this way, can opportunities and interests of globalization be shared by all countries, and common growth and prosperity be realized. We shall be committed to developing global free trade and investment, promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation. Thirdly, a model of fair and equitable governance in keeping with the trend of the times should be established, and the authority and efficacy of multilateral institutions should be upheld. Countries, big or small, strong or weak, rich or poor, are all entitled to participate in decision-making, enjoy rights and fulfill obligations on equal basis in international affairs. Fourthly, we should develop a balanced, equitable and inclusive development model. Development is ultimately for the people. To achieve more balanced development and ensure that the people have equal access to opportunities and share in the benefits of development, it is crucial to have a sound development philosophy and make development equitable, effective and balanced.

      The third important message in President Xi's speeches is about China's development path of peace. Since it launched reform and opening-up, China has become the world's second largest economy, met the basic living needs of its 1.3 billion-plus people and lifted over 700 million people out of poverty. Meanwhile, China has attracted over 1.7 trillion US dollars of foreign investment, made over 1.2 trillion US dollars of direct outbound investment, making a great contribution to global economic development. Since the international financial crisis of 2008, China has contributed to over 30% of global growth every year on average. In the next five years, China will import eight trillion US dollars of goods, attract 600 billion US dollars of foreign investment, and make 750 billion US dollars of outbound investment. More importantly, it needs to be born in mind that in the past six decades, China has provided more than 400 billion RMB Yuan of foreign assistance, undertook over 5,000 foreign assistance projects, including nearly 3,000 complete projects, and held over 11,000 training workshops in China for over 260,000 personnel from other developing countries. China's development not only brings tangible benefits to its own people, but also to the whole world.

      China's development path can be characterized, foremost, by its commitment to peace. As President Xi categorically pointed out, China will never waver in its pursuit of peaceful development. No matter how strong its economy grows, China will never seek hegemony, expansion or sphere of influence. History has proven this and will continue to do so. China's development path is also characterized by its commitment to common development. China's development has been possible because of the world, and it will continue to pursue a win-win strategy of opening-up, share its development opportunities with other countries and welcome them aboard the fast train of China's development. Another feature of China's development path is its commitment to partnerships. China pursues an independent foreign policy of peace, and is ready to enhance friendship and cooperation with all other countries on the basis of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence. China will continue to pursue shared interests, and boost pragmatic cooperation with other developing countries to achieve common development, including vigorously pursuing common development with African countries in the spirit of sincerity, being result oriented, affinity and good faith.

       The above-said three key messages of President Xi's speeches in Switzerland, coming at the end of a turbulent 2016 and the beginning of a challenging 2017, give us the benefit of understanding China's view on the world at large, on the international development agenda and on China's development and foreign policy. It's my ardent wish and strong belief that the international communities will draw some inspiration, encouragement and confidence from them in solving the problems facing mankind and creating a better future.
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